V G Plekhanov1*
1 Head Laboratory of Applied Nanotechnology of BelousovPr. Nauky, 31-v, fl. 32 Kharkov, 61072, Ukraine.
*Corresponding Author: V G Plekhanov, Fonoriton Sci. Lab, Garon LtD, Tallinn 11413, Estonia.Tel: +3726416555; Fax: +3726416555; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Citation: V G Plekhanov (2023) Direct Observation of the Dependence of the Neutron - Electron Binding Energy on the Distance Between Nucleon. Nano Technol & Nano Sci J 5: 144.
Received: March 17, 2023; Accepted: March 24, 2023; Published: April 10, 2023.
The well-known coefficient - the binding energy of a proton with an electron (13.6 eV) is contained in any book on atomic physics. Being the second particle in the nucleus of an atom, the neutron, whose properties have not been studied as fully as that of the proton. The demonstration of what has been said is the lack of knowledge about neutron-electron binding energy . We add that the estimate of the radius of action of nuclear forces is obtained from the scattering of 10 MeV neutrons by protons. This report is devoted to the results of non-accelerator study of strong nuclear long-range interaction in the mass isotope effect by the modern method of low-temperature optical spectroscopy of condensed matter. This became possible after the discovery that the addition of one neutron causes global changes in the macroscopic characteristics of a solid. The observation of an isotopic shift (0.103 eV) of the zero-phonon line of free excitons in the luminescence spectra of LiH (without strong interaction in the hydrogen nucleus) and LiD (with strong interaction in the deuterium nucleus) crystals was the first and direct evidence of the long-range interaction of the Yukawa potential. Indeed, in both crystals, the lithium ions, the proton and the electron are the same and, therefore, the gravitational, electromagnetic and weak interactions are the same, and the addition of a neutron, according to Yukawa, a strong interaction appears, the influence of which manifests itself in the isotopic shift. These experimental results demonstrate the neutron-electron binding energy (0.105 eV) which is in excellent agreement with the theoretical Breit  estimate of 0.1067 eV. It was found that the maximum value of the strong long-range coupling constant in the deuterium nucleus is 2.4680. Another bright effect of the new physics is associated with the isotopic creation of mass by massless fermions (leptons) in graphene . This mass creation mechanism was predicted more than 15 years ago by B.L. Ioffe  for low-energy elementary excitations that do not require the huge excitation energies of modern accelerators.
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